Hazard mitigation is most effective when implemented under a comprehensive, long-term mitigation plan. State, tribal, and local governments engage in hazard mitigation planning to identify risks and vulnerabilities associated with threats and hazards and develop long-term strategies for protecting people and property from future hazard events. Mitigation plans are the key to creating resilient communities by breaking the cycle of repeated damage.
Developing hazard mitigation plans enables state, tribal, and local governments to:
Increase education and awareness around threats, hazards, and vulnerabilities
Build partnerships for risk reduction involving government, organizations, businesses, and the public
Identify long-term, broadly-supported strategies for risk reduction
Align risk reduction with other state, tribal, or community objectives
Identify implementation approaches that focus resources on the greatest risks and vulnerabilities
Communicate priorities to potential sources of funding
Moreover, a FEMA-approved hazard mitigation plan is a condition for receiving certain types of non-emergency disaster assistance, including funding for mitigation projects. Ultimately, hazard mitigation planning enables action to reduce loss of life and property, lessening the impact of disasters.